Wednesday, October 13, 2010


1 MICROSOFT WORD: This is a word processing application software used in word publishing, typing documents.
2. MICROSOFT EXCEL: Spreed sheet application for financial accounting and calculations.
3. MICROSOFT POWERPOINT: Document/project presentation in a slide shows using projector.
4. MICROSOFT FRONTPAGE: Web designing application for HTML web sites and web base.
5. MICROSOFT OUTLOOK: For email management for large and big organisations.
6. MICROSOFT PUBLISHER: For the publishing of Journals, brochures, and Magazines.
7. MICROSOFT DOS: For Command Line Interface utilities when remotely accessing devices in a network and system components.
8. MICROSOFT ONENOTE: Digital jotter application for making short notes and remarks.
9. MICROSOFT VBasic: Graphics oriented programming language used in designing, running, and writing a programme.
10. MICROSOFT VBasic.NET: Advanced online based form of VBasic, used in producing programmes that run in a network.
11. MICROSOFT INTERNET EXPLORER: Internet web browser software used in accessing files online.
12. MOZILA FIREFOX: An internet web browser software.
13. OPERA: Internet browser application software, for accessing files online.
14. COREL-DRAW: Graphics design for decorations, certificates, cards and barnners.
15. PRINT ARTIST: For designing greeting cards and envelopes.
16. PAINT BRUSH: For digital drawing and designing in a canvas.
17. TOOBOOM: For cartoon production and video effects also known as firm tricks.
18. MICROSOFT PHOTOSHOP: For picture editing and high quality resolutional images.
19. MULT-MEDIA PLAYER: For playing movies, musics, audio recordings in a computer.
20. MICROSOFT ACCESS: For database management in a large and small enterprise.
21. CISCO PACKET TRACER: Network sumulator for network designing, implementation and maintenance.
22. DREAM WEAVER: Web designing software for designing websites that run with php.
23. SPSS- STATISTICAL PACKAGE for SOCIAL SCIENCE: For analysing statistical data in any document making it available within a short time for business marketing and implementation.
24...... Check back letter

It is a private network that uses internet protocols,network connectivity, and possibly the public telecommunication system to
securely share part of an organization's information or operations with
suppliers, vendors, partners, customers or other businesses. An
extranet can be viewed as part of a company's Intranet that is extended to users outside the company, usually via the Internet.

It is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standardized Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) to serve billions of users worldwide.

It is a private network that uses Internet protocols to securely share any part of an organization's information or operational systems within that organization.

An intranet is a private computer network that uses Internet technologies to securely share any part of an organization's information or operational systems with its employees. Sometimes the term refers only to the organization's internal website, but often it is a more extensive part of the organization's computer infrastructure and private websites are an important component and focal point of internal communication and collaboration.
An intranet is built from the same concepts and technologies used for the Internet, such as client-server computing and the Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP). Any of the well known Internet protocols may be found in an intranet, such as HTTP (web services), SMTP (e-mail), and FTP (file transfer). Internet technologies are often deployed to provide modern interfaces to legacy information systems hosting corporate data.
An intranet can be understood as a private version of the Internet, or as a private extension of the Internet confined to an organization. The first intranet websites and home pages began to appear in organizations in 1990 - 1991. Although not officially noted, the term intranet first became common-place inside early adaptors, such as universities and technology corporations, in 1992.
Intranets differ from extranets in that the former are generally restricted to employees of the organization while extranets may also be accessed by customers, suppliers, or other approved parties. Extranets extend a private network onto the Internet with special provisions for access, authorization and authentication (see also AAA protocol).


Wiki: List of network protocols
This is a list of network protocols, categorized by their nearest Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model layers. Many of these protocols, however, are originally based on the Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) and other models and they often do not fit neatly into OSI layers.
  1. REDIRECT Template:OSI model
1. Layer 1 protocols (Physical Layer)
2. Layer 1+2 protocols
3. Layer 2 protocols (Data Link Layer)
4. Layer 2+3 protocols
5. Layer 1+2+3 protocols
6. Layer 3 protocols (Network Layer)
7. Layer 3 protocols (Network Layer management)
8. Layer 3.5 protocols
9. Layer 3+4 protocol suites
10. Layer 5 protocols (Session Layer)
11. Other protocols
12. Layer 7 protocols (Application Layer)
13. Protocol description languages
14. See also
15. Further reading
16. External links

1. Layer 1 protocols (Physical Layer)

  • ADSL Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
  • ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
  • PDH Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy
  • RS-232, a serial line interface originally developed to connect modems and computer terminals
  • SDH Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
  • SONET Synchronous Optical NETworking
  • Modem standards/ITU V-Series Protocols used to communicate between analog modems over voice telephone lines.
  • ITU-T Physical Layer

2. Layer 1+2 protocols

  • Ethernet
  • GFP ITU-T G.7041 Generic Framing Procedure
  • OTN ITU-T G.709 Optical Transport Network also called Optical Channel Wrapper or Digital Wrapper Technology

3. Layer 2 protocols (Data Link Layer)

4. Layer 2+3 protocols

  • ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode
  • Frame relay, a simplified version of X.25 welcome
  • MPLS Multi-protocol label switching
  • [[X.2

5. Layer 1+2+3 protocols

  • MTP Message Transfer Part
  • NSP Network Service Part

6. Layer 3 protocols (Network Layer)

  • CLNP Connectionless Networking Protocol
  • EGP Exterior Gateway Protocol
  • EIGRP Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol
  • ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol
  • IGMP Internet Group Management Protocol
  • IGRP Interior Gateway Routing Protocol
  • IPv4 Internet Protocol version 4
  • IPv6 Internet Protocol version 6
  • IPSec Internet Protocol Security
  • IPX Internetwork Packet Exchange
  • SCCP Signalling Connection Control Part
  • AppleTalk DDP

7. Layer 3 protocols (Network Layer management)

8. Layer 3.5 protocols

  • HIP Host Identity Protocol

9. Layer 3+4 protocol suites

10. Layer 5 protocols (Session Layer)

  • 9P Distributed file system protocol developed originally as part of Plan 9
  • NCP NetWare Core Protocol
  • NFS Network File System
  • SMB Server Message Block

11. Other protocols

12. Layer 7 protocols (Application Layer)

  • ADC, A peer-to-peer file sharing protocol
  • AFP, Apple Filing Protocol
  • BACnet, Building Automation and Control Network protocol
  • BitTorrent, A peer-to-peer file sharing protocol
  • BOOTP, Bootstrap Protocol
  • CAMEL, an SS7 protocol tool for the home operator
  • Diameter, an authentication, authorization and accounting protocol
  • DICOM includes a network protocol definition
  • DICT, Dictionary protocol
  • DNS, Domain Name System
  • DHCP, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
  • ED2K, A peer-to-peer file sharing protocol
  • FTP, File Transfer Protocol
  • Finger, which gives user profile information
  • Gnutella, a peer-to-peer file-swapping protocol
  • Gopher, a hierarchical hyperlinkable protocol
  • HTTP, Hypertext Transfer Protocol
  • IMAP, Internet Message Access Protocol
  • Internet Relay Chat (IRC)
  • ISUP, ISDN User Part
  • XMPP, an instant-messaging protocol
  • LDAP Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
  • MIME, Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
  • MSNP, Microsoft Notification Protocol (used by Windows Live Messenger)
  • MAP, Mobile Application Part
  • NetBIOS, File Sharing and Name Resolution protocol - the basis of file sharing with Windows.
  • NNTP, News Network Transfer Protocol
  • NTP, Network Time Protocol
  • NTCIP, National Transportation Communications for Intelligent Transportation System Protocol
  • POP3 Post Office Protocol Version 3
  • RADIUS, an authentication, authorization and accounting protocol
  • Rlogin, a UNIX remote login protocol
  • rsync, a file transfer protocol for backups, copying and mirroring
  • RTP, Real-time Transport Protocol
  • RTSP, Real-time Transport Streaming Protocol
  • SSH, Secure Shell
  • SISNAPI, Siebel Internet Session Network API
  • SIP, Session Initiation Protocol, a signaling protocol
  • SMTP, Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
  • SNMP, Simple Network Management Protocol
  • SOAP, Simple Object Access Protocol
  • STUN, Session Traversal Utilities for NAT
  • TUP, Telephone User Part
  • Telnet, a remote terminal access protocol
  • TCAP, Transaction Capabilities Application Part
  • TFTP, Trivial File Transfer Protocol, a simple file transfer protocol
  • WebDAV, Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning
  • DSM-CC Digital Storage Media Command and Control

13. Protocol description languages

14. See also

15. Further reading

16. External links

No comments:

Post a Comment